Richard Evelyn Byrd
While his brother Harry Byrd went into politics, Richard Evelyn Byrd of Winchester, chose something almost as brutal: polar exploration. His Navy service during World War I helped him become a pioneer in navigating long distances, and he began to test his equipment in extreme climates. His round trip, aerial expedition to the North Pole was completed in about 16 hours in 1926 and earned Byrd international fame—although his feat has long been questioned. Later in his career, Byrd established the United States presence in Antarctica and flew to the South Pole.
Image: Creative Commons (Tim 1965)