Booker T. Washington
Booker T. Washington was born a slave in rural Virginia. He was an educator, author, grassroots organizer and the most influential spokesman for African Americans between 1895 and 1915. Called “a public man second to no other American in importance,” Washington spent his life engaged in supporting African American businesses, engaging in politics, and educating African Americans at the Tuskegee Institute. His philosophies of self-help, moral-uplift, thrift, and labor instilled in him at the Hampton Institute shaped his message.
Image: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division